Areas of Interest:

  • sociology of media;
  • methodologies of discourse analysis;
  • media production processes;
  • mediatization of culture;
  • ethnic representation in media;
  • construction of boundaries and temporality in the mass medial sphere.

Manager of the international educational webinar project at the Jewish cultural and languages studies ​​at Sefer Center, Moscow. Co-organizer of scientific conferences, schools, and fieldwork.

Graduated from the MA program at the Center for Typology and Semiotics of Folklore at the Russian State University for the Humanities (RGGU) with a degree in mythology and folklore in 2018. Graduated from the graduate program of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova and received an Honorary Government Scholarship in the field of the humanities in 2016. Graduated from the MA program at the University of High Anthropological School, Chișinău, Moldova with a degree in anthropology in 2013.

Academic publications (selection):

Dushakova I. S. Rekonstruirovaniye granits i povestki ‘global'nogo Zapada' v novostnykh soobshcheniyakh IA Sputnik [The reconstruction of the ‘global West’s' borders and agendas in reports of the Sputnik News Agency]. In: Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Sotsiologiya. Politologiya. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya 2019. Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 55−61.

Dushakova I. S. Modeli opisaniya Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny v presse Respubliki Moldova [Descriptive models of the Great Patriotic War in the press of the Moldovan Republic]. In: Vestnik RGGU. Seriya «Politologiya. Istoriya. Mezhdunarodnyye otnosheniya» 2019. No. 1, pp. 139−150.

Dusacova. ‘Landlocked' Moldova. The representation of borders in the Moldovan media. In: G. P. Draško, A. Pavlović, E. Meka (eds.). Politics of Enmity. Belgrade: Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade, 2018, pp. 143−159.

Dushakova I. S. Ot newslore k news, ot news k newslore: istoriya odnogo mema [From newslore to news, from news to newslore. The history of a meme]. In: Shagi/Steps 2017, Vol. 3, No. 2.

Dushakova I. S. Novostnaya gramotnost': rol' eksperta v novostnykh soobshcheniyakh [News literacy. The role of experts in news reports]. In: Kommunikatsii. Media. Dizayn 2016. Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 8−18.

Dushakova I. S. Pamyat' i zabyvaniye v reprezentatsii territoriy v internet-SMI [Memory and forgetting in territorial representation through internet mass media]. In: Shagi/Steps 2016, Vol. 2, No. 4.

Dushakova I. S. «Russkoye slovo' Moldovy: reprezentatsiya etnichnosti [The ‘Russian Word' of Moldova. A representation of ethnicity]. In: Ostapenko L. V., Subbotin I. A. (eds.). Etnosotsiologiya vchera i segodnya. Moscow: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences 2016. pp. 342−347.

Dushakova I. S., Dushakova N. S. (eds.). Mediatizatsiya kul’tury: konstruirovaniye novykh tekstov i praktik. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii [The mediatization of culture. Constructing new texts and practices: Proceedings of the International Conference]. Moscow, November 30 -December 2, 2018. Moscow: NEOLIT 2018. (In Russian and English).

Dushakova I. S. Fol’klorist na chuzhom pole [Folklorists in Foreign Fields]. In: Fol’klor: struktura, tipologiya, semiotika. 2020, No. 1. (forthcoming).

Participation in conferences:

Memory Studies Association Third Annual Conference. Memory Studies Association, Madrid, 25−28 June 2019.

DiscourseNet 20 — Exploring Fuzzy Boundaries in Discourse. DiscourseNet Society, Budapest, 17−19 May 2018.

Third International Scientific-practical Conference «Media Literacy, Media Ecology, Media Education: Digital Media for the Future». Moscow, National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20−22 April 2017.

13th SIEF Congress Göttingen, Germany. 26−30 March 2017.

Mass Media Surveys in the News: Media Production Research and Text Analysis

I.S. Dushakova

This study aims to identify frames deployed in traditional Russian media to present the results of opinion polls, and to identify which editorial work determines the choice of frame, its stability, and its reproducibility. «Framing» is understood in the sense introduced by Todd Gitlin (1980), in which «frames are principles of selection, emphasis, and presentation composed of little tacit theories about what exists, what happens, and what matters.» The study will utilise the theoretical perspective of frame analysis, as developed by Teun van Dijk (2000), D. Yanow and M. van Hulst (2011), as well as Viktor Vakhshtayn (2011) in Russia. A number of these sources used within this approach are more immediately related to framing in the media (see for example Gitlin 1980, Gamson and Modigliani 1989, Entman 1991, Weaver 2007).

The results of opinion polls traditionally fall beyond the researcher’s scope, although the way they are reported is framed to a very high degree. Moreover, when analysing the presentation of information in the media field, most authors dwell on the form and content of texts without positioning them with the production process for media messaging. The present study intends to fill this gap.

At the present stage, the study allows for following preliminary conclusions:

— Textual content mentioning polls. The study identified the presence of a large quantity of news items referring to opinion polls without using their results. This makes it possible to speak of a broad presence of polling organisations in the Russian media field beyond the publication of opinion poll results.

— Presentational frames for polling results. In some cases, different media outlets present the results of the same poll in mutually exclusive ways. Polling results are called into doubt and presented as unreliable when, for example, there is criticism of how the questions are formulated, how these questions relate to one another and how the results are interpreted. Polls are defined as biased or even in contravention of the law.

— Media production process: Unlike leading federal publications, whose texts clearly show connections to both polling organisations and experts commenting polling results, publications with limited resources, as a rule, do not have contacts with polling organisations. They tend to use other media outlets as their source of information on polling, which, in turn, often base themselves on the country’s leading outlets for information and analysis. This suggests the presence of at least two distinct structures for the process of media production.